Friday, February 21, 2014

QUESTION AND "QUESTIONS" ABOUT ZERO CARB

I received a question following my last post, a question that sums up as being many “questions”. Anyway, they are very welcome and I will try to answer them…

When discussing about weight loss, many aspects have to be considered. Is one trying to loose weight for health reasons or is it only for aesthetic? Is reaching the goal weight a priority over eating a healthy diet that will keep this person a few pounds heavier then they should? What is the weight loss history? Is this person has any food items addiction and what are his experiences on the subject? And, most of time, the “aspect” is a mix of all these aspects…

The main question I will try to answer in this post is: Do you think a person can loose weight even when he is near his weight goal by eating as much as he want without restricting?”

The first part of the answer, and we will get this out of the way right here, is the “metabolic advantage” of a Zero Carb diet. Many studies demonstrated that any individual restricting carbs would burn between 10 to 20 % MORE energy then another person on a high carb diet. The reason being the metabolism of proteins and fat are quite different from the metabolism of carb, meaning they are less efficient “energy-wise” and thus, need to “burn more” to get transformed and metabolized. So, clearly, even if carb and protein bring in 4 calories per g and fat, 9 calories per gram, you have to look at the total composition of one’s diet to see what the body will do with what is coming in.

Carb, as we know, even with 4 calories per g, will cause an insulin release, which will block the activity of the LIPASE enzyme, and will prevent any fat cells to release energy. And this is worst if you are insulin resistant, even at any level.

Protein, on the other side, also at 4 calories per g, when they need to be transformed into glucose for energy needs, uses an extremely inefficient pathway, this explaining why high protein diet (low carb + low fat) and very efficient to loose weight; but, sadly, they are not sustainable by any means as proven many times by serious studies.

Sadly, again, when one does a high fat diet (LC or ZC) and moderate protein, the body become more efficient in burning fat for energy and one must be vigilant of his intakes as food items on modified carb diets are ALL energy dense.

In animal trials, we see that rats, when offered a high fat diet compare to a high carb diet, tend to eat less but, still, they DO put weight on. Of course, when offered a high-carb or high carb/high fat diet, they even gain more weight.

The problem we encounter with this kind of animal studies is the same as for humans: the availability of food. If the rats, as for the humans, would need to hunt for food, they would consume much less then when provided to them, as for us humans with supermarkets all around us stacked with impossible quantity of ready to eat items.

To continue answering the question, humans cannot compare themselves with animals in the wilderness, where they DO NOT count calories and DO NOT limit their intake, because of a different “availability situation”. By any means, we cannot compare this to today’s food lifestyle we live with in. It is sad but it is the way it is and we must face this reality, even folks on Paleo diets who wants to eat as our ancestors did living in the wilderness…

So what about “eating as much as he want without restricting?”. In my opinion, this is primarily related to food addiction. On Zero Carb, we already have eliminated the “morphine like peptides” of cereals, like gluten. But, sadly, we often go on with dairy thinking they are good for us because they are “animal products”, especially cream and cheese that contains “morphine like casein” which can easily be addictive and cause overeating.

Dairy also has been demonstrated to stimulate strong insulin releases, sometimes even MORE then carbs alone. The reasons being it contains “insulin-like substances” created by nature to stimulate the young calve to drink his mother’s milk so he grows. The human race is the only specie of animal on this planet to drink milk from other animals and continue drinking it even when there are no needs to do so as adults. Even butter, which contains small quantity of casein, can be a problem for some of us; luckily, with clarified butter (ghee), most of the casein can be taken out and this can solve the problem.

So to finish answering the questions, any weight loss program must be considered on a personal approach as experience has shown us THERE IS NO EATING PATTERN THAT WILL SUIT EVERYONE’S METABOLISM…

So, to summarize, I think believing one can eat as much as he want of Zero Carb food items and still loose weight is sort of wishful thinking. This doesn’t mean it cannot be done because we all have different metabolism…

But, still, there are some possibilities and the best way would to push for example, EGGS, especially egg yolks. For all the science I know, I strongly believe eggs must be part of any weight loss program. As for dairy product, it is much more different as already said.

To continue answering the question, on Zero Carb, I am not sure the body is releasing as much energy from  the body’s fat reserve to compensate energy from the fat coming in the diet. This would not be logical for survival purpose. Of course, with the 10-20 % metabolic advantage, there is a plus but I will repeat it, studies have shown that as time passes on Zero Carb, the body get efficient in burning only fat for energy and the “advantage” goes down…

Anyway, and in my experience, we must always see all this on a long run. So yes, I think, it is much better to stay high on fat and not worry that much about calories, and just ENJOY the happiness of satisfying an appetite. For the rest, your body will adjust with time...

This is another important rule about Zero Carb: to get some results, one should be happy with this way of eating and have no regrets about missing other food items…!!!!

Denis





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